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Exogenous application of cytokinin during dark senescence eliminates the acceleration of photosystem II impairment caused by chlorophyll b deficiency in barley.

Autor: Janečková H., Husičková A., Lazár D., Ferretti U., Pospíšil P., Špundová M.Published: Plant Physiology and Biochemsitry 136, 43-51Year: 2019

Recent studies have shown that chlorophyll (Chl) b has an important role in the regulation of leaf senescence. However, there is only limited information about senescence of plants lacking Chl b and senescence-induced decrease in photosystem II (PSII) and photosystem I (PSI) function has not even been investigated in such plants. We have studied senescence-induced changes in photosynthetic pigment content and PSII and PSI activities in detached leaves of Chl b-deficient barley mutant, chlorina f2f2 (clo). After 4 days in the dark, the senescence-induced decrease in PSI activity was smaller in clo compared to WT leaves. On the contrary, the senescence-induced impairment in PSII function (estimated from Chl fluorescence parameters) was much more pronounced in clo leaves, even though the relative decrease in Chl content was similar to wild type (WT) leaves (Hordeum vulgare L., cv. Bonus). The stronger impairment of PSII function seems to be related to more pronounced damage of reaction centers of PSII. Interestingly, exogenously applied plant hormone cytokinin 6-benzylaminopurine (BA) was able to maintain PSII function in the dark senescing clo leaves to a similar extent as in WT. Thus, considering the fact that without BA the senescence-induced decrease in PSII photochemistry in clo was more pronounced than in WT, the relative protective effect of BA was higher in Chl b-deficient mutant than in WT.

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