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Novel flavonolignan hybrid antioxidants: From enzymatic preparation to molecular rationalization.

Autor: Vavříková E., Křen V., Jezova-Kalachova L., Biler M., Chantemargue B., Pyszková M., Riva S., Kuzma M., Valentová K., Ulrichová J., Vrba J., Trouillas P., Vacek J.Published: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry 127, 263-274Year: 2017

A series of antioxidants was designed and synthesized based on conjugation of the hepatoprotective flavonolignan silybin with L-ascorbic acid, trolox alcohol or tyrosol via a C12 aliphatic linker. These hybrid molecules were prepared from 12-vinyl dodecanedioate-23-O-silybin using the enzymatic regioselective acylation procedure with Novozym 435 (lipase B) or with lipase PS. Voltammetric analyses showed that the silybin-ascorbic acid conjugate exhibited excellent electron donating ability, in comparison to the other conjugates. Free radical scavenging, antioxidant activities and cytoprotective action were evaluated. The silybin-ascorbic acid hybrid exhibited the best activities (IC50 = 30.2 μM) in terms of lipid peroxidation inhibition. The promising protective action of the conjugate against lipid peroxidation can be attributed to modulated electron transfer abilities of both the silybin and ascorbate moieties, but also to the hydrophobic C12 linker facilitating membrane insertion. This was supported experimentally and theoretically by density functional theory (DFT) and molecular dynamics (MD) calculations. The results presented here can be used in the further development of novel multipotent antioxidants and cytoprotective agents, in particular for substances acting at an aqueous/lipid interface.

Department of Biophysics

Faculty of Science

Palacký University in Olomouc, Czech Republic

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