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Subglottal pressure oscillations in anechoic and resonant conditions and their influence on excised larynx phonations.

Autoři: Lehoux H., Hampala V., Švec J.G.Publikováno : Scientific Reports 11, 28Rok: 2021

Excised larynges serve as natural models for studying behavior of the voice source. Acoustic resonances inside the air-supplying tubes below the larynx (i.e., subglottal space), however, interact with the vibratory behavior of the larynges and obscure their inherent vibration properties. Here, we explore a newly designed anechoic subglottal space which allows removing its acoustic resonances. We performed excised larynx experiments using both anechoic and resonant subglottal spaces in order to analyze and compare, for the very first time, the corresponding subglottal pressures, electroglottographic and radiated acoustic waveforms. In contrast to the resonant conditions, the anechoic subglottal pressure waveforms showed negligible oscillations during the vocal fold contact phase, as expected. When inverted, these waveforms closely matched the inverse filtered radiated sound waveforms. Subglottal resonances modified also the radiated sound pressures (Level 1 interactions). Furthermore, they changed the fundamental frequency (fo) of the vocal fold oscillations and offset phonation threshold pressures (Level 2 interactions), even for subglottal resonance frequencies 4–10 times higher than fo. The obtained data offer the basis for better understanding the inherent vibratory properties of the vocal folds, for studying the impact of structure-acoustic interactions on voice, and for validation of computational models of voice production.

Katedra biofyziky

Přírodovědecká fakulta

Univerzita Palackého v Olomouci

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