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Reactive oxygen species imaging in U937 cells.

Autoři: Prasad A, Sedlářová M, Balukova A, Ovsii A, Rác M, Křupka M, Kasai S., Pospíšil P.Publikováno : Frontiers in Physiology 11, 552569Rok: 2020

The U937 cell culture is a pro-monocytic, human histiocytic lymphoma cell line. These monocytes can differentiate into either macrophages or dendritic cells (antigen-presenting cells) depending on the initiators. The U937 cells activated in the presence of phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) change their morphology into macrophage-like cells creating pseudopodia and adhering generously. Macrophages are known to produce reactive oxygen species (ROS) mostly during phagocytosis of foreign particles, an important non-specific immune response. Recently, we have focused on the role of hydroxyl radical (HO∙) and provide evidence on its importance for differentiation in U937 cells. Based on electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopy combined with confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM), formation of HO∙ was confirmed within the cells undergoing differentiation and/or apoptosis during the PMA treatment. This study aims to increase our knowledge of ROS metabolism in model cell lines used in human research.

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