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Cyclosporine A inhibits MRTF‐SRF signaling through Na+/K+ ATPase inhibition and actin remodeling.

Autoři: Burat B., Faucher Q., Čechová P., Arnion H., Di Meo F., Sauvage F.-L., Marquet P., Essig M.Publikováno : FASEB BioAdvances 1(9), 561-578Rok: 2019

Calcineurin inhibitors (CNI) are the pillars of immunosuppression in transplantation. However, they display a potent nephrotoxicity whose mechanisms remained widely unsolved. We used an untargeted quantitative proteomic approach (iTRAQ technology) to highlight new targets of CNI in renal proximal tubular cells (RPTCs). CNI‐treated RPTCs proteome displayed an over‐representation of actin‐binding proteins with a CNI‐specific expression profile. Cyclosporine A (CsA) induced F‐actin remodeling and depolymerization, decreased F‐actin‐stabilizing, polymerization‐promoting cofilin (CFL) oligomers, and inhibited the G‐actin‐regulated serum response factor (SRF) pathway. Inhibition of CFL canonical phosphorylation pathway reproduced CsA effects; however, S3‐R, an analogue of the phosphorylation site of CFL prevented the effects of CsA which suggests that CsA acted independently from the canonical CFL regulation. CFL is known to be regulated by the Na+/K+‐ATPase. Molecular docking calculations identified two inhibiting sites of CsA on Na+/K+‐ATPase and a 23% decrease in Na+/K+‐ATPase activity of RPTCs was observed with CsA. Ouabain, a specific inhibitor of Na+/K+‐ATPase also reproduced CsA effects on actin organization and SRF activity. Altogether, these results described a new original pathway explaining CsA nephrotoxicity.

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Univerzita Palackého v Olomouci

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