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Finite element modelling of the influence of the lamina propria properties on the vocal folds vibration and produced sound for specific Czech vowels.

Autoři: Hájek P., Švancara P., Horáček J., Švec J.G.Publikováno : Applied Mechanics and Materials 821, 657-664Rok: 2016

The study presents a two-dimensional (2D) finite element (FE) model of the fluid-structure-acoustic interaction during self-sustained oscillation of the human vocal folds (VF). The FE model combines the FE models of the VF, trachea and a simplified human vocal tract shaped for phonation of a Czech vowel [a:]. The developed FE model comprises large deformations of the VF tissue, VF contact, fluid-structure interaction (FSI), morphing of the fluid mesh according to the VF motion (Arbitrary Lagrangian-Eulerian approach), solution of unsteady viscous compressible airflow described by the Navier-Stokes equations and airflow separation during the glottis closure. The effect of stiffness and damping of lamina propria, which can be caused by certain VF pathologies, on VF vibrations and produced sound are analyzed. The numerical simulations showed that stiffer lamina propria results in a decrease of the maximum width of glottal opening and in a decrease of the fundamental vibration frequency. Stiffer lamina propria also leads to an increase of maximum of the subglottal pressure and it causes amplitude decrease and flattening of the first and second formant in the spectrum of acoustic pressures. Higher values of lamina propria damping result in the amplitude decrease and flattening of all formants.


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